All Species Day

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'Bug Eyes' says now is the 'Time to Open Your Eyes'
Nature is sending a message: Act Now Before It's Too Late"


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All Species Day, Protect & Preserve
Vox, 'We continue to shape life on Earth'

Earth Day is a Protect Our Species Day and draws attention to rapid global destruction and reduction of the world's plant and wildlife populations.

"All living things have an intrinsic value, and each plays a unique role in the complex web of life. We must work together to protect endangered and threatened species."

It's All Related / All Species Day events help us reestablish our connections to the natural world

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Steven Schmidt -- Human species in Santa Fe, NM

With your GreenPolicy Siterunner in Santa Fe circa 1989 on All Species Day. Looking back and looking forward to the challenges of affirming and protecting diversity of life in the midst of the "Sixth Extinction"
Santa Fe - 'holy faith' in Spanish - was named in memory of the 'holy faith of St. Francis of Assisi', the patron saint of the environment and wildlife. Santa Fe is a special place to remember and act to protect and preserve life on Earth...


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Life in Its Diversity 360
Human species responsibility to preserve and protect

Nations promise to protect 30 percent of planet and slow extinction of species
Via the Washington Post / December 19, 2022



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April 22nd, "Earth Day"
'Earth Day Is Every Day and Every Day Is Earth Day'


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Beginnings of the Modern Environmental Movement


Planet Citizen Action to Protect and Preserve Life on Our Home Planet Earth
Planet Citizens, Planet Scientists

Challenge: To Preserve and Protect Life on Planet Earth

Planet Citizen Vision of Living Earth


The Living Planet Index (LPI)

Tracking the health of nature over 50 years

The Living Planet Index (LPI)—which tracks populations of mammals, birds, fish, reptiles, and amphibians—reveals an average 69% decrease in monitored wildlife populations since 1970. The 2022 LPI analyzed almost 32,000 species populations. It provides the most comprehensive measure of how they are responding to pressures in their environment.

Living Planet Report 2022

Via the World Wildlife Fund (WWF)

Wildlife populations plummet by 69%

The Living Planet Report 2022 is a comprehensive study of trends in global biodiversity and the health of the planet. This flagship WWF publication reveals an average decline of 69% in species populations since 1970. While conservation efforts are helping, urgent action is required if we are to reverse nature loss.

Interlinked emergencies: Climate change and biodiversity loss

The evidence is unequivocal—we are living through the dual crises of biodiversity loss and climate change driven by the unsustainable use of our planet’s resources. Scientists are clear: unless we stop treating these emergencies as two separate issues neither problem will be addressed effectively.

Our broken relationship with nature

Climate change and biodiversity loss are not only environmental issues, but economic, development, security, social, moral, and ethical issues too. Industrialized countries are responsible for most environmental degradation but it is developing nations that are disproportionately impacted by biodiversity loss. We all have a role to play in building a nature-positive society that safeguards our living planet Earth.


A Generational Challenge

Greening Our Blue Planet

Planet Citizens, Planet Scientists

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Shifting Baselines


Environmental Protection, a Movement to Secure a Livable Future

Environmental protection

IPBES, Biodiversity and Extinction

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Identify Anything, Anywhere, Instantly (Well, Almost) With the Newest iNaturalist App

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Civilization Is Accelerating Extinction and Altering the Natural World at a Pace ‘Unprecedented in Human History’

Via the NY Times, May 6, 2019 / Humans are transforming Earth’s natural landscapes so dramatically that as many as one million plant and animal species are now at risk of extinction, posing a dire threat to ecosystems that people all over the world depend on for their survival, a sweeping new United Nations assessment has concluded.

The 1,500-page report, compiled by hundreds of international experts and based on thousands of scientific studies, is the most exhaustive look yet at the decline in biodiversity across the globe and the dangers that creates for human civilization. A summary of the global biodiversity report findings, which was approved by representatives from the United States and 131 other countries, was released Monday in Paris. The full report is set to be published this year.

Via the Associated Press / UN report: Humans accelerating extinction of species

According to Mike Barrett, World Wildlife Fund's Executive Director of Conservation and Science: “All of our ecosystems are in trouble. This is the most comprehensive report on the state of the environment. It irrefutably confirms that nature is in steep decline.”

(Source: Jonathan Watts, Biodiversity Crisis, Humanity at Risk, UN Scientists Warn, The Guardian, May 3, 2019)

Tags: #Biodiversity #Extinction #Sustainability #Wildlife


A new effort to save birds pinpoints in amazing detail where they fly

by Anders Gyllenhaal / Excerpt via the Washington Post and wire services

For years, as California's Central Valley grew into the nation's leading agricultural corridor, the region gradually lost almost all of the wetlands that birds, from the tiny sandpiper to the great blue heron, depend on during their migrations along the West Coast.

But a dramatic turnaround is underway in the valley. Dozens of farmers leave water on their fields for a few extra weeks each season to create rest stops for birds. The campaign has not only helped salvage a vital stretch of the north-south migration path called the Pacific Flyway but also tested a fresh model for protecting wildlife.

The experiment is built on new research by the Cornell Lab of Ornithology, which blends the sightings of tens of thousands of birdwatchers with satellite photos and wildlife data. The combination produces digital maps so precise that they can predict when and where birds will come through, so that farmers know when to flood their fields.

"The amount of information in these maps is way beyond what any single source or even combination of sources could give you, said Marshall Iliff, project co-leader of Cornell's eBird Project. "It's on a scale that's never been done before.

At a time when 40% of the Earth's 10,000 bird species are in decline, according to the State of the World's Birds 2018 report, the still-developing eBird Project helps to remake traditional conservation.

More than 400,000 birders have sent in 34 million lists of species in the United States and dozens of other countries in recent years. That makes this the largest citizen-science effort to date. Birders have reported seeing almost every species on Earth.

As the data have poured in, the research started to reveal important, concrete findings about how birds are adjusting to changing climates.

They show how species such as the American bald eagle, a major conservation success story, can be found in every state as its numbers and habitat expand. They show how other birds, such as some hummingbirds and warblers, struggle to adapt to warming trends, which are trimming breeding seasons and reducing their numbers.

Last fall, Cornell launched the stunning animated maps, which bring the migration to life by converting somewhat dry data into video illustrations that show routes birds take over the course of a year.

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'The Global Big (Bird) Day'


Citizen Science - Green Research & Science

The early Greeks and Romans had a well established set of taxonomic names for species of animals and plants, based upon the macroscopically observable characteristics of organisms, with Aristotle being the chief architect of this codification; even earlier, the Egyptians and Cretans developed basic symbols and names for species important in farming and culture. It was not until the year 1686 when English naturalist John Ray introduced the concept that species were distinguished by inevitably producing the same species, though considerable morphological variation was observed within a species.

Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) formalized the taxonomic rank of species, and developed the two part naming system of binomial nomenclature that survives to current times, with genus and species names in Latin form.

Estimation of species numbers (and the numbers of species continue to change)

Since most of the planet's species are deemed to be undiscovered, it is exceedingly difficult even to estimate the total number of species on Earth. An 2011 innovative study estimated the total number of species to be about 8.7 million, with around 86 percent of which are presently undiscovered. The following represents a rough approximation of the number of species by taxonomic group, with ranges given for varying estimates of the species numbers:


Bacteria: 5,000,000 to 10,000,000

Archaea: 20,000 (based upon only marine species)

Eukarya: 1,660,000

Of the described eukarya species 1,600,000 based on described species, including:

297,326 plants, including:

15,000 mosses

12,000 ferns

1,025 fern allies

980 gymnosperms

258,650 angiosperms

199,350 dicotyledons

59,300 monocotyledons

9,671 red and green algae

2,849 brown algae

100,000 fungi (of an estimated total 1,500,000 other non-animals) including:

25,000 lichens,

16,000 mushrooms

30,000 red, brown and blue-green molds

17,000 conidial fungi

1,260,000 animals, including:

1,203,375 invertebrates:

950,000 insects

81,000 mollusks

50,000 crustaceans

2175 corals

130,200 others

59,811 vertebrates:

29,300 fish

6199 amphibians

8240 reptiles

9956 birds

5416 mammals

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Endangered species...

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Warming Oceans Phytoplankton & Photosynthesis

The 'tiny little ones' --

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"It's All Connected..."

It's All Related...

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Our green 'tip of the hat' to the first Catholic pope to choose to name himself after St. Francis and recall the eco-saint's encompassing living message. The Catholic pontiff's Laudato Si letter to the world in 2015 was a history-making eco-encyclical as the Catholic Church set forth a vision of green values and action.

Pope Francis on the Environment

Integral Ecology

Rights of Nature EarthLaw

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Protecting Life on Earth

"The 8 Million+ Species We Don’t Know"

(GreenPolicy360: But wait, there's more...)

By Edward O. Wilson / NY Times

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Tom and Ed, Pioneering Conservation Biology

Thomas Lovejoy and Edward O. Wilson

The two scientists first met in the mid-nineteen-seventies. At that point, Wilson was in his mid-forties, and teaching biology at Harvard. Lovejoy, a dozen years younger, was working for the World Wildlife Fund. Over lunch, they got to talking about where the W.W.F. should focus its efforts. They agreed that it should be in the tropics, because the tropics are where most species actually live. There wasn’t a good term for what they were trying to preserve, so they tossed one around—“biological diversity”—and put it into circulation. “People just started using it,” Lovejoy recalled, in an interview in 2015. (Later, the phrase would be shortened to “biodiversity.”)

Destruction of Life, Large 'Charismatic' Creatures & "Tiny Little Ones"

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The most striking fact about the living environment may be how little we know about it. Even the number of living species can be only roughly calculated. A widely accepted estimate by scientists puts the number at about 10 million. In contrast, those formally described, classified and given two-part Latinized names (Homo sapiens for humans, for example) number slightly more than two million. With only about 20 percent of its species known and 80 percent undiscovered, it is fair to call Earth a little-known planet.

To effectively manage protected habitats, we must also learn more about all the species of our planet and their interactions within ecosystems.

The best-explored groups of organisms are the vertebrates (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes), along with plants, especially trees and shrubs. Being conspicuous, they are what we familiarly call “wildlife.” A great majority of other species, however, are by far also the most abundant. I like to call them “the little things that run the world.” They teem everywhere, in great number and variety in and on all plants, throughout the soil at our feet and in the air around us. They are the protists, fungi, insects, crustaceans, spiders, pauropods, centipedes, mites, nematodes and legions of others whose scientific names are seldom heard by the bulk of humanity. In the sea and along its shores swarm organisms of the other living world — marine diatoms, crustaceans, ascidians, sea hares, priapulids, coral, loriciferans and on through the still mostly unfilled encyclopedia of life.

Do not call these organisms “bugs” or “critters.” They too are wildlife. Let us learn their correct names and care about their safety. Their existence makes possible our own. We are wholly dependent on them.

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Warming Oceans

Phytoplankton & Photosynthesis

Plankton: The Ocean Food Chain & Atmospheric Oxygen

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"Tiny Blue Green"

More than Meets the Eye

"A single kind of blue-green algae in the ocean produces the oxygen in one of every five breaths we take"

~ from "The World Is Blue: How Our Fate and the Ocean’s Are One" by Sylvia Earle

Visit: @GreenPolicy360


Seventy percent of the Earth's surface is ocean and here, in myriad life forms, "tiny blue-green" organisms are essential to preserving life on the planet

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The Unseen and the Seen

The "Tree of Life" 1.0

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From the Unseen 'Tiny Little Ones'

The Microbes, Cellular, Living Earth

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Into a Richest Biosphere of Species on Earth, the Rainforest Canopy

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The Cradle of Life
Innumerable Species Being Born

Why we need to protect life up above


Life Above & Below Us, Life All Around Us, Life In Us and Throughout Our Living Earth

Life Gets Around and We Are Discovering New Life Every Day
Be Green, Sustain Life, Act to Preserve Life

[W]hen new sequencing technology became available at the turn of the century, it showed the number of [microbe] species might be as high as one trillion. In the genomic gold rush that followed, researchers discovered not just dozens of unsuspected microbial phyla, but two entire new branches of life.

These new techniques confirmed that earth’s crust is inhabited to a depth of kilometers by a ‘deep biosphere’ of slow-living microbes nourished by geochemical processes and radioactive decay. One group of microbes was discovered still living their best lives 100 million years after being sealed in sedimentary rock. Another was found enjoying a rewarding, long-term relationship with fungal partners deep beneath the seafloor. This underground ecology, which we have barely started to explore, might account for a third of the biomass on earth.

At this point, it is hard to not find life on Earth. Microbes have been discovered living in cloud tops, inside nuclear reactor cores, and in aerosols high in the stratosphere. Bacteria not only stay viable for years on the space station hull, but sometimes do better out there than inside the spacecraft. Environments long thought to be sterile, like anoxic brines at the bottom of the Mediterranean sea, are in fact as rich in microbial life as a gas station hot dog. Even microbes trapped for millions of years in salt crystals or Antarctic ice have shown they can wake up and get back to metabolizing without so much as a cup of coffee.

-- Maciej Cegłowski

A tip of our GreenPolicy360 hat (and Astro Samantha's espresso) in recognition of Maciej

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Samantha Cristoforetti has breakfast espresso and says HelloEarth to our home planet

Earthviews from Astronauts